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    → 左岸讀書,一如既往。

    思維導圖為什么那么好用

    2019-02-22 . 閱讀: 1,566 views

    文/思維導體

    結構框架圖、思維導圖,最近很是流行,嗯,確實好用,但為什么好用呢(知其然也要知其所以然)?這個方法是怎么想出來的?我能自己想出來嗎?需要具備什么條件,我才能夠自己想出這個方法來?

    之所以要思考這個問題是因為想更好地了解學習的規律,不斷優化學習行為。(授人以魚,不如授人以漁。)

    如果愛因斯坦生在中國,他問:“指南針為什么總是指向北呢?”大人可能會回答:“指南針本來就是指向北的。”“那為什么它不指向南、指向東呢?“沒有為什么,你不要鉆牛角尖。這是自然道理,你記住就行了。”(畫外音:應試教育總是讓學生死記硬背,如果愛因斯坦也是死記硬背,而不是自己研究,那他會成為偉大的科學家嗎?)

    (一)一般形式

    例:“定義,原指對事物做出的明確價值描述。現代定義:對于一種事物的本質特征或一個概念的內涵和外延的確切而簡要的說明;或是透過列出一個事件或者一個物件的基本屬性來描述或規范一個詞或一個概念的意義。”

    (這時,信息是成一條直線分布的,如果碰到不熟悉的概念或者結構復雜的,可能就沒辦法理解了,而且記憶起來是連一起的,很容易丟失其中的片段。)

    讀完之后,能理解嗎?記住了嗎?影視劇接觸的能人都是可以一字不落地背誦下來的,可考慮一下自己的情況,能做到嗎?非得要全部背下來嗎?有沒有替代的辦法嗎?

    數一數總共有幾個段落,概括段落大意,分清結構層次,總結中心思想。大意、中心思想都是可以用幾個關鍵詞來代替的。將這幾個關鍵詞列成表格就可以做成結構框架圖,將結構框架圖做個變形就是思維導圖了。

    將原本復雜多變的信息簡化為少量可以輕松駕馭的幾個關鍵詞。就好比一個人的手能抓的魚總是有限的,(大腦沒辦法同時駕馭太多的信息),但如果把所要抓的魚都放在網袋里(利用結構圖把所有的信息聯系起來),就可以裝更多的魚。也就是說,你可以抓比原來多出好幾倍的魚。你的手并沒有變大(并不需要做智力的鍛煉),但你抓的魚卻是原來的好幾倍。這就是工具的力量。

    先在所閱讀的內容做好編輯、做好標注。然后把這些關鍵詞摘抄出來,列成表。(標注是將關鍵詞凸顯出來,摘抄是將關鍵詞獨立出來,兩者都是將注意力集中在關鍵詞,而不是“照單全收”)。

    “定義,原指對事物做出的明確價值描述。//現代定義:對于一種事物的本質特征或一個概念的內涵和外延的確切而簡要的說明;//或是透過列出一個事件或者一個物件的基本屬性來描述或規范一個詞或一個概念的意義”

    (二)結構框架圖

    將原本一條直線排列的內容,變為多條直線,更容易理解和記憶。但分支的內容因為靠在一起,所以還是會互相干擾,所以就有了思維導圖。

    注:思考總是按照一般形式,而不是結構形式的,經過反思可以發現,一般形式的思考很多都是無效,也有很多是低效的。

    左岸記:思維導圖從小我們就看到過、運用過,數學里的數軸,古老的太極八卦圖,還有我們常做的劃重點。做思維導圖,并不是為了好看,而是要做好邏輯的梳理,列出框架,縫合吸收記錄的知識精髓,這樣思維導圖才能起到事半功倍的效果。

    左岸

    愛讀書,愛生活!

    1 Comments On 思維導圖為什么那么好用

    1. 看完本文找到左老師2012年的文章《思維導圖那點兒事》。很找之前就開始關注思維導圖,但一直沒有怎么用。本文左老師解釋了思維導圖好用的幾點原因。“將原本復雜多變的信息簡化為少量可以輕松駕馭的幾個關鍵詞”,“將原本一條直線排列的內容,變為多條直線,更容易理解和記憶。但分支的內容因為靠在一起,所以還是會互相干擾,所以就有了思維導圖”。另外,左老師,我可以轉載你的文章嗎?我會注明原文地址。

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